About half of Australian wines are produced in this federal state. Mainly Germans and Dutch planted the first vines here. Barossa Valley and Hunter Valley are the most famous growing regions. In the cooler South, predominantly rich white and spicy red wines are produced. In the North and Northeast are the Rieslings. The climate is more Mediterranean and cultivated varieties are Riesling, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon, Cabernet franc, Merlot and Pinot Noir. Torbreck the Laird, Penfolds Grange and Henschke Hill of grace are worldwide famous wines.